Flooring has always been one of the major considerations in any home. It provides comfort, adds beauty to the entire house, and even sets the tone of the room.
There are several types of flooring—depending on the type of material that’s being used. The five basic types of flooring that you will find in most homes are Laminate, Carpet, Stone, Tiles, and Hardwood.
Laminate Flooring — also called “cheap version of wood”, is constructed in layers: bottom, design, and top. The bottom layer which is also known as “backing” is intended to resist moisture which may cause the boards to wrap. Above the bottom layer is another layer called inner core. The core is made from a high-density fiberboard that’s specially designed for added support to moisture resistance and enhance durability. The design layer is where the texture of wood, metal, or other materials appear. This is the part of the flooring in which you can see the high-resolution image of the material. The top layer or the wear layer protects the design layer from fading and damage.
- Installation of laminate floors is one of the easiest do-it-yourself projects. In fact, innovations made in the fabrication of laminate flooring include specializing the materials so there’s no need to use adhesive.
- Laminate flooring is consisting of elements that are highly resistant to a number of outdoor causes that discolor other flooring materials. The top layer provides needed protection from scratches, stains, and smudges caused by grime. It is best to use in the hallways.
- Molds and bacteria cannot easily propagate since laminate flooring has an inner core that’s made from high-density fiberboard which gives additional moisture resistance.
- This type of flooring cannot be refinished. The wear layer or the top layer cannot be replaced once damaged, requiring you to replace every single piece of the laminate floor.
- The duration of a laminate floor is dependent on the class and thickness of the material. So there is no guarantee that this type will have longer life span.
Carpet Flooring – the most popular type of flooring and can be a cost-effective way to cover the entire house. If you care a lot about the interior design, this type of flooring is best. The carpet’s designs, textures, and colors compliment your home’s interior.
- Carpet floors give a comfortable feel and make your house cozier.
- Carpet floors come in a wide variety of styles so you can choose the designs, colors, and textures you want for your house.
- Providing additional insulation to any room, carpet flooring is well-suited for homes that are located in icy areas.
- Carpets require extra care — it needs thorough up-keeping since it easily attracts dirt. You need to vacuum it every day and have it deep cleaned at least once each year.
- It is highly sensitive to moisture and easily absorbs stains. When the carpet gets soaked, it will easily be ruined.
Stone Flooring – the most desirable type of flooring because of its sturdiness. Stone flooring is also resistant to water and moisture. The classic looks of stone floors, though not as colorful and stylish as carpet floors, has also a fashionable facet — another option for home beautification.
- Extreme durability is the most significant benefit of stone floors. Stone floors can last for centuries.
- Using stones in covering your floor is eco-friendly since these come from nature.
- Stone flooring requires a high level of maintenance. The floor needs to be washed and cleaned every other day. Stone flooring maintenance is quite a task — cleaning it consumes most of your time. Maintenance is essential because the longevity of the stone flooring depends much on it.
Tile Flooring – it is best to use in wet areas just like the bathroom. Tiles are also durable. However, tiles may be cracked or chipped due to the severe impact of heavy objects dropped on them. Tile floors can be very slippery and noisy when water or any fluids are spilled on them.
- Tiles are particularly robust. Tile flooring can last up to 20 years or longer if it is properly maintained. If a tile cracks, it can easily be replaced with a new one.
- Tile flooring is easy to maintain as dirt and other impurities tend to settle on the surface of ceramic tiles, making it easy for you to wipe them off.
- While tile flooring is being favored because of its hardness, this characteristic also has a downside — not comfortable to stand on. Hence, it must not be recommended to be installed in places where people need to stand for longer periods.
- One major drawback of using ceramic tiles is the fact that these are quite heavy. That is why tile flooring is difficult to install in upper areas of a house or a building.
Hardwood Flooring – one of the costly type of flooring. However, several people tend to use this type since they know that it boosts the value of one’s house. For those who have plans in putting their homes on the market, installing hardwood flooring is a considerable option.
- Hardwood flooring can last a lifetime.
- Having a non-electromagnetic nature, hardwood floors are trusted and recommended by doctors worldwide. Hardwood flooring tends to attract less dust or allergens.
- Hardwood installation is less complex because it has thick planks.
- Regular maintenance is required to prevent termite attack (for homes that are located in areas susceptible to termite attacks). Regular polishing of hardwood floors must be done every 3 to 4 years.
- Hardwood flooring is prone to scratches usually caused by high heeled footwear, dogs and cats, and heavy traffic.